We live in an electric
universe. Space is filled with plasma, the fourth state of matter.
Plasma consists of hot ionized atoms and is influenced by magnetic
fields. Plasma also conducts electrical current. Such current flow
creates magnetic fields which affect the structure of the
The energy states and resulting structure are so complex that
scientists are not able to adequately model plasma phenomena
mathematically. However, we have a great deal of empirical knowledge
of plasmas since they have been used in industry for over a hundred
Arc lamps and arc welding processes create plasmas. The familiar
glow inside the glass tube of a neon light is actually a plasma at
Is the sun
actually a ball of lightning?
Problems with the current model of the Sun
(click image right)
as continuous fusion
reaction, releasing energy from the core:
the halo-like corona is 300 times that of surface
at equator, faster on surface
accelerates upon leaving the Sun
faster than surrounding surface
(interior walls) reveal structured filaments
(click image above far right)
is a dense stream of luminous plasma, a powerful electric discharge.
But where does the energy in the form of electric charge come from?
New low-light photographs of the upper atmosphere (lower left
* ) show that less-dense forms of
plasma discharge occur as high
as 70 km above the surface at the same time as the lightning.
Earth appears to be exchanging electric charge with surrounding
space which is filled with solar plasma.
Other glow discharge
phenomena have been detected between the ionosphere and the
of a hurricane. Atmospheric storms may be driven by energy from the
larger environment through which Earth travels.
(Above left image - These high altitude discharge patterns are known as Blue Jets, Red
Sprites, and Elves. From Discovery magazine, 1997.
"Birkeland" Currents in Plasma
Plasmas do not behave
like a gas. They develop structure when a charge gradient produces
the movement of electric current. The current flow and resultant
magnetic fields cause the plasma to form filaments that twist
together into ropes. As long as the current continues, the structure
The Tail of Venus
mid-1997, the Soho satellite detected a plasma structure issuing
from Venus and almost reaching the surface of Earth. The report
described the structure as "stringy." Such a structure could only
remain intact if a current were continuously flowing from Venus to
the surrounding space via the plasma tail. The discovery supports
the idea that Venus assumed its present position in the solar system
only recently, and has not yet achieved charge-equilibrium with its
Interestingly, ancient names of Venus include the
Long Haired Star
and Bearded Star. Symbols and glyphs that carried the meaning
"planet Venus" also carried the meaning "comet."
We suggest that in ancient times, this same "plasma tail" of
emitted a visible glow by the same mechanism that comets do today,
Hard Evidence for Massive Electric Discharge between bodies
Valles Marineris stretches 4,000 km across the face of
massive gouge that could swallow a thousand Grand Canyons
(click image right). Water
erosion and normal geological processes are not adequate to have
produced a mark of this nature or magnitude. A massive electrical
discharge is. Our research indicates that planetary bodies have
significant charge, and when they travel sufficiently close to each
other for their plasma sheaths to interact, electrical discharges
event blasted an estimated 2 million cubic kilometers of rock and
soil into space, some of which falls to Earth even today.
The mythical stories of ancient cultures recount a great warrior
whose face or body displayed a massive scar. (See the North American Scarface, Aztec Tlaloc, Norse Thor, Greek Theseus, Hindu Indra.)
several accounts, the agent of this scarring is a stupendous
lightning bolt. Comparative study will identify this imposing
"scarred" figure with the planet Mars.
Schroterís Valley on the Moon
"sinuous rille" stretches 250 km from one end to the other
(click image right).
Countless rilles of all sizes have been discovered throughout the
solar system. A close examination shows that these rilles could not
have been formed by flowing liquids.
Channels flow uphill
and down, ignoring obstacles
Young rilles cross
older rilles as if they didnít exist
No out wash at lower
series of circular craters following tortuous route
careful examination of the strange markings that cover Jupiterís
moon, Europa, show that no conventional explanation adequately
explains their cause. Rapid electric discharge could have produced
(click image right).
The Favorite Weapon of the Gods
During those times when the legendary Gods in the sky engaged in
battle with each other, it was said that they used the thunderbolt
exclusively. At times the thunderbolts flew so furiously, it was as
though the sky had become filled with arrows.