By R. A. Boulay 1990

Editorial Comments By Roberto Solàrion 1997



Man is a puzzle in the evolutionary chain. The scientific theories of evolution explain the general course of events that cause life forms to develop on Earth, but evolution cannot account for the emergence of Homo sapiens or modern man.

For almost a hundred years, anthropologists and other scientists have been searching for the so-called missing link, in order to bridge the enormous evolutionary gap that exists between the ape-man or Neanderthal Man and modern man or Cro-Magnon Man.

The appearance of Homo sapiens happened virtually overnight in terms of the millions of years that evolution required. There is no evidence of intermediate stages that would indicate a gradual change from Homo erectus, the ape-man, to modern Homo sapiens. While the hominid of the genus Homo is a product of evolution, Homo sapiens is the product of a sudden revolutionary event.

The first being considered to be truly manlike is Australopithecus who existed in Africa some five million years ago. Then it took eons to produce the first primitive man or Homo erectus. About one million years ago he appears on the scene and is called Neanderthal Man.

Then suddenly and inexplicably some 35,000 years ago, a new race of men appeared from nowhere - Homo sapiens or thinking man which we call Cro-Magnon Man. He looked very much like modern man, so much so, in fact, that if he were dressed properly, he could pass unnoticed on the street of any city in America.

The Sumerians who arrived here before Homo sapiens existed provide the explanation of the sudden appearance of modern man. He seems to have been developed through two creative stages.

  • Man was first conceived as a slave worker; at this time, he was mostly reptilian in appearance and nature, probably only one-third mammal.
  • The second change increased his mammal nature so that he lost his scaly skin and hide and could reproduce himself. He developed soft skin and hair and now required the use of clothing for comfort and protection. This is metaphorically called "the Fall of Man" in Biblical terms.



The Patriarchs of the Old Testament and the Sumerian antediluvian kings and priests were all part saurian, being the children of the mating of a reptile god and an earthling. This was also true after the Deluge when the kings were also semi-divine.

Probably the best illustration of this duality is found in the person of Gilgamesh. At the beginning of the epic, Gilgamesh is created by the mother goddess as two-thirds divine, being the son of a male earthling and a female goddess. Sargon the Great was also a "changeling," as they were called, and was the son of a god and a priestess.

They would definitely have had a reptilian appearance and, in certain respects, visibly reveal vestiges of their origin. This is shown in the adventures of Gilgamesh when, in his venture to the land of Shamash [Prince Utu], he is challenged by the guards at the gates of the mountain stronghold. Gilgamesh is instantly recognized by the saurian guards "as one of us," since "he has the flesh of the gods." He is allowed to pass unhindered since he is one of the aristocracy.

It is also manifest in the myth Gilgamesh and Agga. In this story, the city of Uruk was attacked by Agga, the ruler of Kish. Aggaís envoy requested Gilgamesh to surrender his city with his army. However, when Gilgamesh presented himself atop the city wall for Agga and his army to see him in person, Agga calls off the siege for no apparent reason, and Aggaís army is put to flight.

Obviously, there is something in the appearance of Gilgamesh that has satisfied Agga and frightened his army. Like Agga, Gilgamesh was part-saurian and apparently the code of chivalry of the day prevented further action against another member of the aristocracy.

What it is about Gilgamesh that is recognizable as saurian is never stated. Ostensibly his appearance is described in the first part of the poem where the details of his birth are provided. The tablet begins with the statement that Gilgamesh is two-thirds divine, being the progeny of a goddess and a priest. The next four lines seem to be devoted to describing his appearance. For some reason, however, they have been mutilated. Were these lines deliberately defaced by later officials and priests in order to hide the true appearance of Gilgamesh?

Perhaps it is these reptilian traits that caused such consternation in Genesis when Noah is seen naked by his sons. The reaction is so completely illogical and baffling that it can only be assumed that Noah was hiding something about his appearance from his sons. Perhaps it was a "badge of priesthood" such as was on his brother Nir, or other traces of reptilian ancestry such as patches of scaly hide.



When the space men arrived here, they found conditions much to their liking and very similar to those of the mother planet. The reptiles were the dominant forms of life on land and of these, dinosaurs represented the culmination of their evolution. These creatures were far from being slow, stupid, and maladapted beasts. Many were fleet of foot; all were highly evolved; and in their time each of them was adapted supremely well to the conditions in which they lived.

They dominated the Cretaceus Period mainly because the climate was benign all over the world, and what is more important, it was stable. It provided conditions that were ideal for the reptiles for the simple reason that these were the very conditions into which the reptiles had evolved.

Had the climate not changed and cooled, mammal forms may not have emerged as the dominant form. In their book The Great Extinction, Allaby and Lovelock contend that if the climate had remained unchanged until the present day, there is no reason to suppose that the reptiles would have declined. And if "intelligent" beings had evolved, that is, beings with advanced technologies, they suggest that these beings might well have had scaly skins and long tails.

When the desiccation of the Earth made conditions difficult to perform essential functions such as food gathering, construction, and mining, the alien astronauts naturally turned to an established Earth form, one that could be modified and given some of their characteristics.

Was such a cross-breeding of two species an impossible feat in genetic engineering? Probably not, since nature seems to have handled the problem without much difficulty. Scientists today are convinced that there were indeed "cross-over" creatures in existence at the end of the Cretaceus Period, such as warm-blooded reptiles and cold-blooded mammals.

At this time dinosaurs seem to have evolved into warm-blooded creatures. In The Hot-Blooded Dinosaurs, Adrian Desmond makes the argument that dinosaurs had be to warm-blooded to survive. The nervous system of dinosaurs had to be complex to account for their agility, speed, and balancing ability.

The intricate manipulation of the fingers alone required a well-developed center of coordination as well as huge eyes to oversee the operation. In order to maintain a high energy output for long periods, the dinosaurs required a high energy metabolism to provide them with the sustained energy needed to remain on their feet carrying such enormous bulk weight.

[Comment: It was also the contention of Dr. Immanuel Velikovsky that certain of the dinosaurs were warm-blooded; however, it is news to this editor that certain mammals used to be cold-blooded.]



It is often expressed by Biblical commentators that the Hebrew legends of the story of Creation of Man and his Downfall are original, since they have yet to be discovered in Mesopotamian or other ancient literature or legend.

We have seen, however, that the Fall of Man or the achieving of "knowing" or sexual knowledge by Adam and Eve is a more recent version of the tale of Enkidu in the Gilgamesh Epic. Enkidu was first created from clay by the gods as a wild man, and then, in order to make him more suitable as a companion for Gilgamesh, was put through a "civilizing" process where he engaged in a sexual orgy with a reptile goddess. This process made him into a complete or modern man.

Thus, in both the Sumerian and the Biblical accounts we find that sexual metaphor, where obtaining sexual knowledge changes primitive man into a modern man.

The Tale of Adapa is also related to the story of Adam in another way, that of immortality lost. Just as the guardian angel with "the flaming sword" kept Adam from approaching and partaking of the fruit of the Tree of Life or Immortality, so Adapa knowingly refused the food and drink of long life when he was offered immortality by the Chief Sumerian god.

It is echoed in the story of Gilgamesh who was thwarted in his attempt to achieve immortality in the cedar land. Like the angel with the flaming sword, Gilgamesh encountered guards with a stinging weapon at the entrance to the land of immortality.

The priestly sources who compiled the books of the Old Testament had many legends and stories at their disposal to choose from and what was selected and included in the Scriptures was a composite of the legends of their day, but modified to suit their priestly purposes.

It is also evident, that to enhance and perpetuate their grasp on the Hebrew tribes, they riddled the stories with the concept of sin and guilt.

Evidence of manís origin in the serpent-gods was expurgated wherever possible. But where the priesthood had no control over the content of the material, evidence of manís origin comes through clearly.

Elsewhere in world mythology and history, the origin of man is not lost nor is it discounted.

  • In China, the most ancient of books relates how dragons were the benevolent ancestors of mankind and taught him all the arts of civilization.

  • In Hindu literature, the serpent-gods are explicitly mentioned as Manís true ancestors.

  • Elsewhere, the flying serpents, dragons, and the feathered snakes are recorded as our beneficent creator.

The real story of Manís evolution and history is his alienation or estrangement from these origins. Recorded history is the story of the struggle of man to rid himself from the bondage of the children and the descendants of these serpent-gods, who plagued man from the time of the Deluge, about 4000 BC, down to the days of the Hebrew kings or 1000 BC.

[Comment: It is the contention of this editor, in other writings, that this "cut-off date" should be moved up even further to about 700 BCE.]



The space travelers found our antediluvian Earth much to their liking because it approximated conditions on their home planet. The climate was warm and stable, and more importantly, there was little cyclonic activity.

The carbon dioxide and the moisture level of the atmosphere was high within the cloud canopy. These conditions led to luxurious plant growth and giant animal forms. It was the era of the vegetarian dinosaurs. The coming of the Anunnaki coincided with the end of this period as the Earth began to dry out and the meat-eating dinosaurs and small mammals appeared.

The reptile gods needed moisture and warmth, and it was probably the reason why civilizations were founded at the mouth of great river systems - the Nile delta, the Indus river valley, and the Tigris-Euphrates system. The steady drying out of the climate brought discomfort to the Anunnaki, and they were forced more and more to live in an artificial environment - their orbiting space ship. While on Earth, they lived a great deal of the time in a personal capsule which simulated this artificial environment.

The home planet of our ancestors was probably also covered with a vapor layer of clouds. On such a rather steamy planet, it would be necessary to keep cool, and intelligent life there would likely evolve as amphibious and be at home in water as well as on land. It explains the Babylonian legend of Oannes coming from the sea. It also explains Enkiís residence in a water palace which appears to have been submersible as well.

Their space ships would probably contain giant water tanks both for ease of living conditions and for protection from radiation on long space flights. Their form was remarkably adapted to space travel.

Scientists have theorized that the reptile form would be ideal for travel through space on long voyages. Able to hibernate or slow down their metabolism for long periods and immersed in a water or liquid environment, they could thereby survive the perils of space travel which have a deleterious effect on mammal forms.

Radiation has been the major obstacle of space travel for Man. Doses of radiation emitted by solar flares would be fatal to space travelers, for one solar flare could emit 800 to 1000 REMs (a measurement of radiation) over a 24-hour period. Man would receive a fatal dose all at once since the life-time limit for exposure by humans to radiation is 300 REMs. Space scientists have proposed that for protection against these immense doses of radiation, the astronauts would retreat to large tanks of water or liquids during solar storms.

In appearance, the serpent-gods were tall, at least 8 to 10 feet [2.5 to 3 meters], and walked on two feet. They had a tail like a reptile, and a tough hide somewhat like a lizard but with a large amount of horny or scaly skin. Their hide was generally lustrous and smooth, somewhat like a chameleon, and probably varied in different hues of green and gray.

Their natural condition was to go around naked, but they wore clothing such as cloaks as a sign of rank or godship. Because of their need for moisture, they could not stand the direct sun which made their skin dry and uncomfortable.

Their face was somewhat flat with chin whiskers or a goatee somewhat like a walrus or ibex. They had short horns on their heads which they considered to be a sign of divinity. Humans were repulsive to them because they were hairy, had soft skins and bony limbs. They were particularly upset by manís pungent smells and excretions. The gods did not eat cooked foods at first, but later depended on man to supply these needs. They did not need fires or stoves to keep warm.

Early man or Adam was not too dissimilar from his creator, except he was smaller, had no facial hair nor horns. He was more agile and dexterous with his hands. He too ate raw food and ran around naked.

The sons of the serpent-gods, the Nefilim of the Bible, which descended before the Deluge and mated with human women also dabbled in genetic engineering. Many strange and monstrous forms were produced and gave rise to the ancient legends of centaurs, griffins, satyrs, and all the ogres and fabulous creatures of mythology. These were all destroyed by the Deluge, but their memory lingers on in the ancient legends of mankind.

The patriarchs, god-kings, priests, generals, and other members of the aristocracy which ruled Man before the Deluge and after as well, were also part saurian. They displayed certain characteristics which set them apart from ordinary people - large patches of scaly skin referred to as "the badge of priesthood," and probably had horns and chin whiskers.

The Rephaim or warrior gods, the descendants of the antediluvian Nefilim, who protected the Middle East later, were large and fearsome warriors and probably exhibited many of the characteristics of their forebears. As they intermarried with humans, the saurian traits diminished, although they seem to have retained their huge size.



The period before the Deluge was the heyday of the gods. World mythology refers to this period as the Golden Age when the gods are said to have ruled on Earth.

The Deluge is a watershed in the history of Mankind. It ended the Golden Age and started the rule of Man. The junior gods seemed to have remained for some time after the Deluge and directed the activities of Mankind. Man was used as a tool in their family squabbles. It led to widespread destruction all over the world. The millennium following the Deluge marked the end of many great civilizations ostensibly by means of weapons of mass destruction.

After the 24th Century, the influence of the gods seemed to have waned. The reign of Sargon the Great, from 2334 to 2278 BC, was marked by restraint and moderation. While he reclaimed all the Western Lands (Anatolia and Lebanon), there was no destruction and cities like Elba and Sodom thrived under his patronage.

It is with the rise to power of his grandson Naram-Sin in 2254 BC, that we see unrestricted use of power and vast destruction. Naram-Sin was also the first Sumerian king to proclaim himself a god and adopt all the trappings of a deity. Such behavior would certainly not have been tolerated by the senior gods, and his reign seems to mark the end of their control over the activities of Mankind.

The unrestrained behavior of Naram-Sin and later Sumerian and Akkadian kings attest to the fact the orbiting space ship probably left before the 23rd Century, leaving behind the junior gods and the hybrid forms like the Rephaim or warrior-gods of the Western Lands.

The sightings of strange saucer-like objects (UFOs) throughout the centuries would indicate either their space ships have reappeared at intervals or that they may have been here all this time but hidden from human eyes. If they have been here for centuries, where would they find a place that is secure, away from prying eyes, and far from population centers?

It is also possible that seas and lakes hide the entrance to these underground bases which may be more widespread than we realize. For example, the strange activities in the Atlantic Ocean in the area known as the Bermuda Triangle with the reported sighting of underwater "saucers" may be related to the entrance of such an underwater base.



Mankind is probably not yet ready for the truth. The average man and woman need their fantasies - the myths and religious stories that make life so simple and uncomplicated. Perhaps one of these days we will be shocked into accepting the truth, when our ancestors return to see how their "children" are faring.

Man has been conditioned for millennia to deny the truth of his ancestry and as a palliative we have developed a convenient form of amnesia.

[Comment: Dr. Velikovsky also discussed this "Collective Amnesia" in Worlds In Collision.]

We have accepted the interpretation of history propagated by a self-perpetuating priesthood and academia. Nonetheless, the truth can only be delayed so long.

Eventually Mankind will have to learn the truth about his origins and face the fact that his gods and ancestors were reptiles, truly monsters by any of our current definitions. There will be a great cultural shock as we have never seen before!