by Charles Bowen and Others
The classic must have scientific work
on UFOs is
THE HUMANOIDS, (1969) edited by
Charles Bowen, editor at the time of THE FLYING SAUCER REVIEW,
(FSR). The FSR is the most important journal in the field, published
since 1955. The contributors to Bowen’s book The Humanoids
include Aimee Michel, Jacques Vallee, Gordon
Creighton, Coral Lorenzen, Antonio Ribera, and Charles Bowen, all
important Ufologists of the time. Each present a collection of cases
of landed UFOs, with the occupants visible or on the ground, some
organized by place, and some by time.
Such landed occupant observations
comprise the bulk of the scientific evidence about UFOs and the
humanoids that drive them. That is because in the landed occupant
cases we can clearly rule out the alternatives, such as swamp gas,
or Venus, or secret military aircraft. They are therefore veridical.
Many of these observations have multiple observers. Many of them
happened in the daytime. All of them involve close encounters
between humans and humanoid visitors, sometimes very close
The Humanoids is long out of print, but you can find copies on the
There is no first case of UFOs, since we find them in the background
Renaissance paintings, looking just like the flying saucers
of today, and we also find drawings of them in Paleolithic cave
paintings, from the last ice age, or in aboriginal rock drawings.
There are many examples on
Kenneth Arnold’s sighting of UFOs near Mount Rainier on May 12, 1947
began the modern era of UFO sightings. There were many other UFO
events in 1947, including Roswell in early July, and the Villa Santina case that happened on July 23, 1947.
The Villa Santina is in Friuli, in the extreme northeastern province
of Italy, north of Venice and bordering on Austria and Yugoslavia.
It is a mountainous area. The witness was Professor R. L. Johannis,
and he saw a classic flying disk, except that it was bright red,
stuck in the side of a mountain, as well as one of the few known
examples of “little green men.” They weren’t that little, being
about the size of the San of the Kalahari, and they weren’t that
green, being a kind of earthy green (Bowen, p. 188 ff.). Gordon Creighton presented this
Professor Johannis said he knew nothing about flying saucers,
because the Italian press had not begun to mention them. This
happened only a few months after the Kenneth Arnold sighting, and a
few weeks after Roswell. These small earth green characters with
bright colored clothing are clearly not the same species as the
small grays of Roswell (see
the book by Col. Corso). The Johannis humanoids were less than 90 centimeters
tall, wearing dark blue overalls with vivid red collars and belts
and cuffs on the legs. Their heads were bigger than human, their
skin was an earthy green, and they had 8 fingers without joints,
with 4 opposing 4, so their precision grip was the same as their
power grip. Their eyes had a vertical pupil, like terrestrial
reptiles or cats.
They were very interested in the
professor’s climbing stick since it had a glacier climbing ice axe
and pick on one end. In fact, they temporarily paralyzed the
Professor and took his walking stick. The two figures that had
approached Johannis returned to their disk. It shot straight out
from the rock, with a shower of stones and earth and rose silently
into the air.
“The disc suddenly grew smaller, and
vanished. Immediately afterwards, I was struck by a tremendous
blast of wind (the air shock?) that rolled me over and over…”
(Bowen, p. 193).
Did the craft really grow smaller, or
was this an 2 optical illusion as it simply moved straight away from
Professor Johannis at a tremendous speed? Disguise, misdirection and
disinformation are all ways of obeying the Prime Directive.
Creighton’s case #64 is a sighting by some Argentine children of
short, greenish humanoids. Among the different kinds of humanoid, we
can definitely include short greenish humanoids, “little green men,”
if you like. The following case shows us another unusual variation,
that of humanoids with bright red skin, and just one eye. On the UFO
forums, I have read of a blue species, but cannot confirm it.
Gordon Creighton’s case #30 describes the encounter by 3 boys in
Belo Horizonte, Brazil, with a humanoid described in the following
way: “Upon his extremely round and totally bald head the man wore a
large round transparent helmet surmounted by a circular object. He
appeared to have no ears or nose, his mouth appeared to open in a
strange manner, his complexion was a vivid red, and he had only one
large brown eye, devoid of any eyebrow.” Binocular vision does not
seem to be a requirement for humanoids.
Gordon Creighton lists 5 species with
just one eye. If this seems impossible to believe, Frank Edwards
tells us in STRANGE PEOPLE (1961) that in a backwoods community in
Mississippi, there is an African American who also has one solitary
normal sized eye in the middle of his forehead. This is apparently a
natural variation in the evolution of humanoids. In THE HUMANOIDS,
there are some species with 3 eyes, and one species with many eyes.
Generally, though, a humanoid is bipedal, bilateral, binaural and
binocular, with eyes above nose above mouth, 2 arms with fingers,
and 2 legs. There can be minor exceptions to some of these features.
One thing that is universal is the body arrangement of head, trunk,
arms and legs. None of them resemble Steven Spielberg’s ET.
In case #28 in Gordon Creighton’s list, a citizen encounters,
“a very tall creature with a melon
shaped head, very long and almost white hair, and three eyes
which stared fixedly, without blinking.”
In Creighton’s case #56, from a,
“Lima newspaper La Prensa of
August 31, 1965, two people had recently been driving along the
PanAmerican Highway when, at a place some 20 kilometers from
Arequipa, they saw ‘a strange being, a Martian,’ who ‘resembled
a shrub, was only 80 centimeters high, and had only one eye.’
The creature was of a blackish color. In addition to its single
golden colored eye in the head, it also had other small eyes
located up and down the body.”
The humanoid body plan can accommodate
many variations. Alien humanoids come in many different colors. I
know of landed occupant cases involving humanoids with the following
colors: white, gray, yellow, brown, black, green and red. There may
be blue humanoids, but I cannot confirm that. Some have fur; others
are hairless, with everything in between. There are many variations
in fingers and eyes. There are wide variations in size. Space
traveling humanoids can be quite tiny.
This is Creighton’s #55, from Cuzco,
“Shortly before noon on August 20,
1965, numerous people, including an engineer, Señor Alberto Ugarte, and his wife, and a Señor
Elwin Voter, saw a tiny disc
land on a terrace of the ancient Inca Stone fortress of Sacsahuaman, just outside Cuzco. The disc was about 1.5 meters
wide, of a vivid silvery color, and from it there emerged two
small beings of strange shape and dazzling brightness.
Discovering that there were so many people about, the little
creatures at once went back into the disc that took off rapidly
and vanished westwards.”
(Bowen, pp. 119120).
This is a diameter of about 5 feet, and
a height of 1 foot, if it follows the usual dimensions of flying
disks. Even if we allow a height somewhat greater, these little
creatures could not be taller than 12 inches. Abductions and
seductions seem to have begun in 1957, with the A.V.B. case, not
published until 1965 in the FSR. A species of humanoid that might
pass for human seduced Mr. A.V.B.
She had white skin and freckles, almost
white hair, red pubic hair and red hair under the armpits. Mr. A.V.B.
had no difficulty getting an erection, and they made love inside the
alien spacecraft. The aliens in
the Barney Hill case may have been
the same species, since they reminded him of a redheaded Irishman.
In both cases, the eyes were slanted, but not like the Chinese. In
the A.V.B. case, the woman indicated by gestures to AVB that their
sexual union would result in a baby that she would raise on her home
She could bear a child in the normal way
only if she and her companions were a variant of our own species, in
other words, a branch of Homo Sapiens that somehow became space
travelers in the past 50,000 years. I do not rule that out. We know
practically nothing about our history as a species, except for the
past 5000 years or so. Another possibility is expert gene
manipulation. A third possibility is that she would raise a clone of AVB in a distant star system. A.V.B. could remember all this
consciously. The aliens had not erased his memory, since it was in
no way frightening or traumatic. AVB’s story is not the product of
hypnosis. Hypnosis sometimes produces just what one expects or
fears. Most abduction cases have no scientific value, because one
cannot rule out false memory.
Remember, scientific method is a matter of ruling out the
How do UFOs navigate? One of our humanoid visitors (I
don’t like to call them aliens) told
Billy Meier, a Swiss farmer,
that they came from the Pleiades (Randolph Winters, 1994,
THE PLEIADIAN MISSION). This is surely disinformation, all part of their
unwillingness to have any effect on our civilization, since a young
star nursery dominated by huge blue white stars would be a hell of
violent x-rays and UV and quite inhospitable to life.
Still, it could be a clue, for those smart enough to understand it.
The Pleiades (Seven Sisters) are 425 light-years from Earth, yet are
easily visible with the naked eye, riding the ecliptic across our
winter skies, in front of Orion. They are a gravitationally bound
system that would look much the same from any distance. If they can
be seen across 425 light-years with the naked eye, they can surely
be seen many thousands of light-years with even small telescopes.
I suspect that visitors to our corner of
the galaxy first find the Pleiades, jump there, and use the
orientation of the seven brightest stars to define a
three-dimensional coordinate system. Orient yourself correctly, look
up the tables for the distance to jump to the Solar System... and
then jump, i.e., teleport. A few human beings can teleport objects
instantaneously into or out of sealed containers.
Psi researchers often call it an
apport, from the Latin Apportare, meaning to “take to a
place.” Uri Geller once accidentally apported himself 30 miles, from
Manhattan to Osinning. (URI GELLER: MY STORY, 1975, p. 238). He
suddenly became aware that he was going to be late for a dinner
party, so he began to run, and the next thing he knew, he was
crashing into the back porch of the house of
Andrija Puharich, a
well-known Psi researcher of the time. That is where the dinner
party was to be. It was Friday, November 9, 1973.
Small objects often levitated or apported in Uri’s presence,
spontaneously, without any intent on his part. This suggests to me
that levitation and apports are closely related. There are excellent
controlled studies of apports by the Chinese (see the chapter “The
Chinese Studies”). While we don’t fully understand them, apports
appear to take a shortcut through a fifth spatial dimension. That
could work if the geometry of the physical universe is as described
by Stephen Hawking in
The Universe in a Nutshell. Teleportation may
be the first experimental evidence for String Theory, since it
requires 6 additional spatial dimensions.
We can thereby connect UFOs, Psi and physics. Star travel requires
the ability to jump hundreds of light-years instantaneously. The only
thing we know which resembles this is teleportation. Physics
provides no such capability, except in the tiny world of quantum
mechanics. Levitation and apports could entirely explain the UFO
modes of travel. Levitation is silent and effortless. The UFO
humanoids levitate their huge space ships silently and effortlessly,
whether low and slow, or racing out of the atmosphere at thousands
of miles per hour. Jumping light years requires teleportation. There
is no other known alternative.
Could “jumping light years” be some technology with a superficial
resemblance to apports? Maybe...but even the details are the same.
For instance, Hans Bender investigated a poltergeist case in which
objects were apported out of a closed chest inside the house, and
they would appear outside the house under the eaves. No matter how
heavy, they would flutter to the ground in the classic “fallingleaf”
pattern frequently seen with UFOs (Vaughan, A. (1970). See
Poltergeist Investigations in Germany. Psychic, April. When I read
this, many years ago, I realized this is the secret to UFO
propulsion and interstellar travel.
Hans Bender was a noted German
parapsychologist who died in 1991. Look him up on the Web. There are
several falling leaf patterns in Bowen:
“Mr. E. A. Bryant was out walking in
the country on April 14, [1965, Scoriton, England] and had
reached Scoriton Down, a spot with beautiful views, at about
5.30 P.M. Without warning he was confronted by a large aerial
object which moved pendulum wise to the left and then to the
right before coming to rest, hovering some three feet from the
ground, about forty yards in front of him. The object had
appeared ‘out of thin air’ and Mr. Bryant says he was
(Bowen, p. 21).
Jacques Vallee’s case 24, September 28,
1954. In Froncles, three witnesses observed a large bright object
that oscillated, then landed and changed color.” (Bowen, p. 33). In
the next case, the falling leaf pattern preceded the
“The Two little men went aboard,
inviting Villanueva to follow, but he turned and ran to a
distance, and then watched the craft rise slowly, in a kind of
pendulum movement, ‘Or like a falling leaf in reverse,’ until at
a few hundred feet, when it began to glow intensely, and then
shot up vertically at staggering speed, with a faint swishing
sound, and was at once out of sight.”
(Bowen, p. 91, Gordon Creighton’s
case #4 at Ciudad Valley, Mexico in midaugust of 1953).
Following is Creighton’s case 6, Pontal,
“On November 4, 1954, Jose Alves of
Pontal was fishing in the river Pardo near that place. It was a
quiet night; the spot was deserted. Suddenly, he saw a strange
craft approaching with a wobbling motion, and it landed so near
to him that he could have touched it.”
(Bowen, p. 92).
There is another aspect of the UFO
phenomenon that suggests
Psi powers rather than technology.
Frequently the occupants individually levitate or apport, and this
is how they manage to get inside the spacecraft very quickly from
the ground it. The Ufologists have noted this problem of ultra fast
ingress or egress.
Here is a case of an individual alien levitating. It is Creighton’s
case #41 from Argentina in 1963.
The 3 man crew of a freight train saw a
figure on the tracks, apparently carrying the body of a small child.
“Suddenly, when the locomotive was not more than 5 meters from the
entity, he “shot upwards as though in a whirlwind’ and vanished.”
(Bowen, p. 105). “Vanished,” means an apport. According to
THE PLEIADIAN MISSION, there are humanoid aliens who don’t even need
Our humanoid visitors come in a great variety of colors and sizes.
Their behavior is sometimes surprising or even funny. They don’t
look as we expect, and they don’t behave as we expect. Some species
speak fairly good Spanish or Portuguese. [Most of the good cases
come from South America.] Many species communicate by telepathy, but
there are many more that attempt to communicate in their normal
verbal speech. Their speech is variously described (depending on the
species) as grumbling or barking or cackling or just unintelligible.
One would think they would know that we couldn’t speak their
language, but there are many cases where they make the attempt.
There is also the comical vaudeville act
in Creighton’s last case, #65.
“Their complexions were brown, and
their faces ‘shriveled’ and furrowed like those of old people.
The hair was white, their heads rather large in proportion to
their bodies...One of the little men [80 centimeters tall] had a
sparse beard and wore a dark peaked cap.... The man with the
flashing lights, who was the nearer, now jumped to his feet also
and grabbed this cylinder by a handle in the middle of it, and
began running off, staggering as he did so, and he collided with
his companion so that both nearly fell to the ground.”
(Bowen pp. 124125).
We can see how visits by this species of
humanoid could give rise to stories of leprechauns and other small
We tend to think of UFO aliens as peaceful and hairless. There are
many cases in Bowen of bellicose hairy dwarfs that attack human
citizens and leave claw marks. They do no real harm.
They don’t allow humans to use weapons, and will paralyze anyone who
tries it. However, they are not averse to a good knock down drag out
no holds barred
wrestling match, if that is the right term for it. Maybe that is a
sport in their home world.
The more I study landed occupant aliens, the less alien they seem.
They are like us, not gods, not supermen. What they have done, we
can do as well. The authors in Bowen give sources for each case.
Usually these are newspaper reports, but sometimes they are UFO
journals, including the FSR.
The landed occupant cases have both veridicality and
reproducibility. These cases are not “swamp gas,” Venus,
experimental military aircraft, hoaxes or Jungian archetypal
visions. They are real flesh and blood, as sexual or belligerent
contacts with them demonstrate. The best proof of reproducibility of
landed occupant observations is that all of our visitors turn out to
This is unexpected.
Both scientists and science fiction writers have
given their imaginary aliens a wide variety of forms.
The observers in these cases were just ordinary citizens. They never
became famous. No one ever made TV movies about them. The reports
themselves stayed local, in the local newspapers, not on the wire
services or BBC. These cases come from many parts of the world,
always rural and isolated places, and range in date from 1947 to
1969, over 20 years. If it were some kind of hoax, how could these
ordinary citizens have coordinated their stories so well? With the
fascinating variety of eyes, fingers, and skin color?
We now have enough data to ask the following questions:
Our visitors do not make official
contact. Why not? This was a great puzzle to the early
Ufologists, yet there is an easy explanation. They are
anthropologists, with a little bit of the other sciences thrown
in. Landed UFOs usually make off with soil samples and bits of
vegetation. Human anthropologists never want to interfere in the
primitive cultures they are studying, because they know that
contact between primitive and advanced cultures is often fatal
to the primitive culture. Compared to our visiting humanoids, we
are the primitives, and therefore official contact could be
fatal for us.
All our alien visitors take care to
avoid interfering with our evolution. They do this in various
UFOs only land in rural and
Some UFOs disguise themselves as
something else, an asteroid for instance (see the
Or if they look like spacecraft,
they may give us a sound and light show, making electrical
systems nearby quit and doing other amusing tricks. This is to convince us that they
travel by technology. That is what the “average man” assumes
anyway. As long as we believe that, we will never be able to
duplicate their feats. If you study Bowen, you will find no
consistent correlation between the sound and light show and
the action of the UFO. Some glow when accelerating. Some
glow after they have landed. And so forth.
When our humanoid visitors make
contact with a human, Billy Meier, for instance, they
always feed that human disinformation, ideas that fit into
popular mythologies, yet are easily refuted by scientists
Our visitors are all humanoids, with
wide variations in size, color, hairiness, and the details of
the face, fingers and eyes. In height, they vary from 12 inches
to an estimated 20 feet, and some are as hairy as a Wookie, the
furry creature from Star Wars. Are these the only star traveling
They jump hundreds or thousands of
light-years in an instant. Planetary systems with intelligent
and civilized humanoids are quite rare, quite far apart, and we
must plan on trips of thousands of light-years.
Why did they suddenly appear in large numbers after 1947?
My chief reason for thinking star travel takes place by jumping
light years rather than FTL (Faster Than Light) travel is the
sudden appearance in 1947 of sizable numbers of UFOs, of several
different types, and several different species. I suspect that
the “foo fighters” of WW 2 went home, spread the word up and
down the star traveling grapevine that humans had gone nuclear
and had actually used these fearsome weapons.
Perhaps we would self-destruct. Some
species began to plan expeditions. For several different species
to begin arriving a year and 8 months later means they must be
able to jump across hundreds of light years in an instant,
especially when we see that suitable star planet combinations
for intelligent life are quite rare, and probably separated by
thousands of light years. Some of our early visitors in 1947
seem to be first timers, who did not expect violent
thunderstorms or powerful radar or antiaircraft fire (3 theories
for the Roswell crashes).
UFOs travel by levitation and
teleportation. This is only a hypothesis of course, but we know
nothing from human experience that resembles UFO behavior other
than levitation and teleportation. Such phenomena in human life
are rare, and often not under the control of the person doing
it. Still, there are those Chinese girls who can consciously
control apports over short distances in controlled tests.
There have been a few famous humans
who could control levitation, including the levitation of their
own bodies, particularly D.D. Home, in the 19th Century. If you
do a Google search, you will find many web sites
devoted to D.D. Home. Since the phenomenon does exist in humans, on a small
scale, these must be innate powers of the human mind that only
need understanding and developing.
Fermi’s Paradox, widely known in the
scientific community, provides one clue to such development. If
we found a planet like Earth, we would colonize it. That has not
happened. Despite the disinformation given to some contactees,
there is no evidence of any alien involvement in the evolution
of life on Earth.
Let’s think about this. Why not? The
universe is three times as old as our Solar System, so surely
there were star traveling humanoids 1500 million years ago (1.5
billion years). If star travel by technology were possible, we
would expect both good and evil aliens. That is what we find in
science fiction. That is not what we find in reality. Evil
aliens would have colonized Earth long ago.
Our humanoid visitors are all
anthropologists, a trade more spiritually evolved than missionaries,
traders, diplomats, or conquistadors. Only spiritually evolved
species are capable of star jumping. Undoubtedly,
UFOs have visited
Earth over the last 1.5 billion years, but they had no wish to alter
the natural evolution of the planet. I am sure they had no need,
having learned to control population growth, preserving the ecology
of their home world. Greed is a primitive habit, as is conquest.
Self-control is a more advanced trait. In summary, UFOs have to
travel by jumping light-years. There is no other way they could have
appeared so suddenly in large numbers less than two years after the
end of World War Two.